كم من الإلكترونيات والأشياء الثمينة الأخرى التي يمكنني الحصول عليها بدون رسوم عند الذهاب إلى الهند؟

45

أخطط للسفر إلى الهند ( COK مطار ، ولاية كيرالا) من الولايات المتحدة. أرغب في أخذ الكمبيوتر المحمول الخاص بي بالإضافة إلى الجهاز اللوحي (iPad). هل مسموح لي أن آخذ على حد سواء في حقيبتي على الظهر مع المستندات الخاصة بي ذات الصلة بعملي. أعتقد أنه مسموح لي بأخذ جهاز كمبيوتر واحد فقط وفقًا للقاعدة. هل تعتبر الجمارك جهاز iPad الخاص بي كجهاز كمبيوتر؟ ما كل ما يمكنني القيام به؟

استولى أحد أصدقائي على جهازي كمبيوتر محمول (عمل واحد ووظيفة شخصية واحدة) وتعرضا لمشاكل في المطار.

أخطط أيضًا لأخذ بعض ساعات اليد (7 منها ، كل منها يبلغ 45 دولارًا). قرأت في موقع على شبكة الإنترنت أنني يمكن أن تأخذ الأشياء تصل إلى 35000 INR كحد أقصى. هل هذا صحيح؟ في هذه الحالة ، كيف يمكنني إدارة عناصري؟

    
مجموعة Happy 04.12.2012 / 16:01

4 إجابة

37

في ما يلي القواعد الجمركية في الهند ("البدل المجاني" المشار إليه هو للبنود الشخصية ، والبدل المعفى من الرسوم من سجائر الكحوليات):

One laptop computer (notebook computer) over and above the said free allowances mentioned above is also allowed duty free if imported by any passenger of the age of 18 years and above.

من الواضح أنه تم إيقاف صديقك الذي كان يحمل جهازي كمبيوتر محمول (عمل واحد ، شخصي واحد). من الناحية الفنية ، كان مسؤولو الجمارك على صواب في محاولة فرض رسوم عليه في الثانية. لاحظ أنه يُسمح للمواطنين الهنود العائدين من العمل بالخارج بإعادة "عناصر الاستخدام المهني" ولكن أجهزة الكمبيوتر لا تعد بمثابة عناصر "للاستخدام المهني" حيث يمكن إعادة توجيهها من قبل أي شخص.

وبصرف النظر عن ذلك ، يحصل الركاب فوق 10 أعوام الذين يركبون من معظم البلدان على إعفاء من الرسوم الجمركية بقيمة 45000 روبية هندية 1 طالما أنهم لا يسمعون " تسقط في واحدة من قائمة العناصر المحظورة مثل الكحول / السجائر.

يكمن الغموض في ما إذا كان الكمبيوتر اللوحي يعتبر "كمبيوتر محمول" أم لا لأنه غير معرف ضمن قانون الجمارك الهندي. لديك حد 45000 روبية هندية (قد يكون أو لا يدخل جهاز iPad الخاص بك) والذي يمكنك المطالبة به ضمن هذا ، ولكن هذا لن يترك مساحة لساعاتك.

يتلخص الأمر في ما يتفقده موظف الجمارك لأمتعتك. لقد لوحت في معظم الأوقات دون تفتيش أمتعتي (في أي مطار - الهند أو خارجها ، لذا يجب أن أحسب نفسي محظوظ!). هناك احتمالات إذا كنت تبدو كمحترف عاملة ، فسيتم إيقافك للتفتيش . قد يقل احتمال توقف شخص مثلي ، لأنني عادةً أرتدي ملابس شعار الجامعة عند السفر.

أيضًا ، إذا كنت تحمل سبع ساعات ، فستجد أن مسؤولي الجمارك سيعتقدون أنك تحملهم لغرض إعادة بيعها ، وبالتالي أكثر تشددًا لجعلك تدفع رسومًا على هذه العناصر. مرة أخرى ، هذه هي أدلة غير مؤكدة عما رأيته حول سلوك موظفي الجمارك في المطارات الهندية.

1 اعتبارًا من 18 من آب 2015 ، مرجع

    
الجواب معين 04.12.2012 / 22:14
14

يبدو أن القواعد قد تم تعديلها وتصحيحها لتصبح نافذة المفعول اعتبارًا من 1 أبريل 2016 و التالي يجمع بين هذه التغييرات (ولكن ربما تم تغييرها منذ ذلك الحين):

Baggage Rules, 2016 [Notification No. 30/2016 - Customs (N.T.) dated 1.3.2016 as amended by Notification No. 43/2016 - Customs (N.T) dated 31.3.2016 read with corrigendum dated 1.4.2016]

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 79 of the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962), and in supersession of the Baggage Rules, 1998, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:

  • Short title and commencement.
    • (1) These rules may be called the Baggage Rules, 2016.
    • (2) They shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 2016.
  • Definitions.
    – (1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,

    • (i) “Annexure” means Annexure appended to these rules;
    • (ii) “family” includes all persons who are residing in the same house and form part of the same domestic establishment;
    • (iii) “infant” means a child not more than two years of age;
    • (iv) “resident” means a person holding a valid passport issued under the Passports Act, 1967 (15 of 1967) and normally residing in India;
    • (v) “tourist” means a person not normally resident in India, who enters India for a stay of not more than six months in the course of any twelve months period for legitimate non-immigrant purposes;
    • (vi) “personal effects” means things required for satisfying daily necessities but does not include jewellery.

    – (2) Words and expression used and not defined in these rules but defined in the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962) shall have the same meaning respectively assigned to them in the said Act.

  • Passenger arriving from countries other than Nepal, Bhutan or Myanmar.

    • An Indian resident or a foreigner residing in India or a tourist of Indian origin, not being an infant arriving from any country other than Nepal, Bhutan or Myanmar, shall be allowed clearance free of duty articles in his bona fide baggage, that is to say,
    • (a) used personal effects and travel souvenirs; and (b) articles other than those mentioned in Annexure - I, upto the value of fifty thousand rupees if these are carried on the person or in the accompanied baggage of the passenger: Provided that a tourist of foreign origin, not being an infant, shall be allowed clearance free of duty articles in his bona fide baggage, that is to say, (a) used personal effects and travel souvenirs; and (b) articles other than those mentioned in Annexure - I, upto the value of fifteen thousand rupees if these are carried on the person or in the accompanied baggage of the passenger: Provided further that where the passenger is an infant, only used personal effects shall be allowed duty free.
  • Explanation. - The free allowance of a passenger under this rule shall not be allowed to pool with the free allowance of any other passenger.

  • Passenger arriving from Nepal, Bhutan or Myanmar.
    • An Indian resident or a foreigner residing in India or a tourist, not being an infant arriving from Nepal, Bhutan or Myanmar, shall be allowed clearance free of duty articles in his bona fide baggage, that is to say, (a) used personal effects and travel souvenirs; and (b) articles other than those mentioned in Annexure - I up to the value of fifteen thousand rupees if these are carried on the person or in the accompanied baggage of the passenger: Provided that where the passenger is an infant, only used personal effects shall be allowed duty free: Provided further that where the passenger is arriving by land, only used personal effects shall be allowed duty free.
  • Explanation. - The free allowance of a passenger under this rule shall not be allowed to pool with the free allowance of any other passenger.

  • Jewellery.

    • A passenger residing abroad for more than one year, on return to India, shall be allowed clearance free of duty in his bona fide baggage of jewellery upto a weight, of twenty grams with a value cap of fifty thousand rupees if brought by a gentleman passenger, or forty grams with a value cap of one lakh rupees if brought by a lady passenger.
  • Transfer of residence.

    • (1) A person, who is engaged in a profession abroad, or is transferring his residence to India, shall, on return, be allowed clearance free of duty in addition to what he is allowed under rule 3 or, as the case may be, under rule 4, articles in his bona fide baggage to the extent mentioned in column (2) of the Appendix below, subject to the conditions, if any, mentioned in the corresponding entry in column (3) of the said Appendix.
  • (2) The conditions mentioned in column (3) of the said Appendix may be relaxed to the extent mentioned in column (4) of the said Appendix.

    APPENDIX

    Duration of stay abroad Articles allowed free of duty Conditions Relaxation (1) (2) (3) (4) From three months upto six months Personal and household articles, other than those mentioned in Annexure I or Annexure II but including articles mentioned in Annexure III upto an aggregate value of sixty thousand rupees. Indian passenger - From six months upto one year Personal and household articles, other than those mentioned in Annexure I or Annexure II but including articles mentioned in Annexure III, upto an aggregate value of one lakh rupees.

    Indian passenger - Minimum stay of one year during the preceding two y ears. Personal and household articles, other than those mentioned in Annexure I or Annexure II but including articles mentioned in Annexure III upto an aggregate value of two lakh rupees. The Indian passenger should not have availed this concession in the preceding three years.

    • Minimum stay of two years or more. Personal and house household articles, other than those listed at Annexure I or Annexure II but including articles mentioned in Annexure III upto an aggregate value of five lakh rupees.
      (i) Minimum stay of two years abroad, immediately preceding the date of his arrival on transfer of residence;
      (ii) Total stay in India on short visit during the two preceding years should not exceed six months;
      and (iii) Passenger has not availed this concession in the preceding three years. (a) For condition (i), shortfall of upto two months in stay abroad can be condoned by Deputy Commissioner of Customs or Assistant Commissioner of Customs if the early return is on account of:
    • (i) terminal leave or vacation being availed of by the passenger; or (ii) any other special circumstances for reasons to be recorded in writing. (b) For condition (ii), the Principal Commissioner of Customs or Commissioner of Customs may condone short visits in excess of six months in special circumstances for reasons to be recorded in writing. No relaxation.

    • Currency.
    • The import and export of currency under these rules shall be governed in accordance with the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management (Export and Import of Currency) Regulations, 2015, and the notifications issued thereunder.

    • Provisions regarding unaccompanied baggage.
    • (1) These rules shall apply to unaccompanied baggage except where they have been specifically excluded: Provided that the said unaccompanied baggage had been in the possession, abroad, of the passenger and is dispatched within one month of his arrival in India or within such further period as the Deputy Commissioner of Customs or Assistant Commissioner of Customs may allow: Provided further that the said unaccompanied baggage may land in India upto two months before the arrival of the passenger or within such period, not exceeding one year, as the Deputy Commissioner of Customs or Assistant Commissioner of Customs may allow, for reasons to be recorded, if he is satisfied that the passenger was prevented from arriving in India within the period of two months due to circumstances beyond his control, such as sudden illness of the passenger or a member of his family, or natural calamities or disturbed conditions or disruption of the transport or travel arrangements in the country or countries concerned or any other reasons, which necessitated a change in the travel schedule of the passenger.

    • Application of these rules to members of the crew.
    • (1)These rules shall also apply to the members of the crew engaged in a foreign going conveyance for importation of their baggage at the time of final pay off on termination of their engagement. (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1), a member of crew of a vessel or an aircraft other than those referred to in sub-rule (1), shall be allowed to bring articles like chocolates, cheese, cosmetics and other petty gift items for their personal or family use which shall not exceed the value of one thousand and five hundred rupees.

    ANNEXURE – I (See rule 3, 4 and 6)
    1. Fire arms.
    2. Cartridges of fire arms exceeding 50.
    3. Cigarettes exceeding 100 sticks or cigars exceeding 25 or tobacco exceeding 125 gms.
    4. Alcoholic liquor or wines in excess of two litres.
    5. Gold or silver in any form other than ornaments.
    6. Flat Panel (Liquid Crystal Display/Light-Emitting Diode/ Plasma) television.

    ANNEXURE II (See rule 6)
    1. Colour Television.
    2. Video Home Theatre System.
    3. Dish Washer.
    4. Domestic Refrigerators of capacity above 300 litres or its equivalent.
    5. Deep Freezer.
    6. Video camera or the combination of any such Video camera with one or more of the following goods, namely:
    - (a) television receiver;
    - (b) sound recording or reproducing apparatus;
    - (c) video reproducing apparatus.
    7. Cinematographic films of 35mm and above.
    8. Gold or Silver, in any form, other than ornaments.

    ANNEXURE III (See rule 6)
    1. Video Cassette Recorder or Video Cassette Player or Video Television Receiver or Video Cassette Disk Player.
    2. Digital Video Disc player.
    3. Music System.
    4. Air-Conditioner.
    5. Microwave Oven.
    6. Word Processing Machine.
    7. Fax Machine.
    8. Portable Photocopying Machine.
    9. Washing Machine.
    10. Electrical or Liquefied Petroleum Gas Cooking Range
    11. Personal Computer (Desktop Computer)
    12. Laptop Computer (Note book Computer)
    13. Domestic Refrigerators of capacity up to 300 litres or its equivalent.

    [F. No.334/8/2016 - TRU]

        
    الجواب معين 05.12.2016 / 23:44
    5

    مؤخرًا ، (وفقًا لموازنة الاتحاد الهندي 2014) ، كان الحد الأقصى (كما رأيته سابقًا عندما سافرت إلى الهند) هو Rs. 45000 لبلدان غير عدد قليل من البلدان المجاورة وجميع المعلومات المتعلقة بهذا التغيير ترد في الرابط أدناه.

    الرابط

    اقرأ المستند أعلاه مع المستند الموضح في الإجابة السابقة للحصول على صورة كاملة

        
    الجواب معين 23.11.2014 / 14:41
    1
  • إلى أن تأخذ جهاز كمبيوتر محمول واحد يحمل معك جهاز كمبيوتر محمول وآخر أثناء تسجيل الدخول ، شريطة أن تكون قد أعلنت أنهما لم يتم شراؤهما في الولايات المتحدة ويتم إحضارهما إلى الهند.

  • إن حمل جهاز كمبيوتر محمول واحد والآيباد مرة أخرى لا يمثل مشكلة

  • أخذ 7 ساعات أمر مشكوك فيه ، ومرة أخرى غير موضوعية بالنسبة للمطار والضابط. حاول أن تضع ذلك في أكياس مختلفة. أعرف صديقًا كان يحمل جهازي كمبيوتر محمول (واحد جلب من الهند للعمل ، وآخر اشترى في الولايات المتحدة) وضع في حمل وحقائب في كل على حدة. ثم حصل على أجهزة Android اللوحية (2) ، و DSLR واحدة تحمل حقيبته وأشياء أخرى مثل ساعات 3/4. لم يكن لديه أي مشكلة في مطار تشيناي.

  • الجواب معين 20.02.2014 / 21:09